According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), there were around 422 million cases of diabetes in the world in 2014.
This is a staggering rise on the 108 million diagnosed cases back in 1980, and health officials believe this number will carry on rising unless there is "drastic action" taken to deal with the problem.
Although both type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes are combined together in those figures, the extraordinary rise is largely down to type 2 diabetes, which is commonly linked to an unhealthy lifestyle and a lack of exercise, and obesity, which has been rising dramatically lately.
Around 8.5 per cent of earth's population has diabetes, with 1.5 million deaths in 2012 as a result of diabetes. There were also a further 2.2 million deaths attributed to having higher-than-optimal blood glucose levels. Out of all of those deaths, 43 per cent died before the age of 70 years.
Of particular concern is the treatment of diabetes in low income countries, and even middle income countries, which see people struggle to afford medication such as insulin and blood glucose monitors.
Being unable to monitor their blood glucose levels means people with diabetes are at a greater risk of hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia, which can be fatal.
The rise in cases of diabetes has led to calls for people to exercise more frequently, and improve their diets, reducing their intake of sugar which is strongly linked to obesity, which is seen as a major risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
"Diabetes is a silent disease, but it is on an unrelenting march that we need to stop. We can stop it, we know what needs to be done, but we cannot let it evolve like it does because it has a huge impact on people's health, on families and on society," said the official from the WHO leading the fight against diabetes, Dr Etienne Krug.