People with type 2 diabetes have more than three times the risk of being diagnosed with tendon pain than people who do not have diabetes, according to new research from Monash University, Melbourne.
The condition is known as tendinopathy, and the team of researchers say it could be due to prolonged high blood glucose levels.
A meta-analysis of 31 previous studies was carried out by the team, led by Jamie Gaida. Five of these studies had focused on people who had tendinopathy, whilst 26 of these studies had focused on people who had type 2 diabetes.
Compared to the control participants, people with type 2 diabetes were found to have thicker tendons, a frequent occurrence in tendinopathy. There were also found to have a longer period of diabetes, if they had both diabetes and tendinopathy.
"Tendinopathy is a problem for two key reasons. First, feeling pain during movements that load the tendon is unpleasant, and second, having a painful tendon stops you being physically active," Gaida said.
"Physiotherapists/Physical therapists are uniquely skilled to help you recover from tendinopathy and return to your chosen activity, [and people with diabetes] should absolutely be physically active, as it is one of the most effective treatments for diabetes," he added.
The findings of Gaida's study were published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.